Google paid tribute to Italian astrophysicist Margherita Hack with an animated doodle on Saturday. The hack is credited to have discovered asteroid 8558 Hack in 1995 which was named in her honor.
The hack was born on June 12, 1922, in Florence and was a full professor of astronomy at the College of Trieste. She has additionally been the first Italian girl to administrate the Trieste Astronomical Observatory from 1964 to 1987.
Hack’s scientific interests and research activity coated a broad vary of topics. Her main field of experience involved the observation and interpretation of the spectroscopic traits of stars. Her analysis on this subject concerned the research of the chemical composition of stars, and of their floor temperature and gravity.
During the 1970s, she labored on the UV data from the Copernicus satellite, with the aim of finding out the energetic phenomena that happen in the exterior a part of the stellar atmosphere and trigger mass losses that have to be accounted for within the theoretical fashions of stellar evolution. Her first analysis article based on data from Copernicus was published in Nature in 1974.
Besides science, she was also actively involved in education, outreach, and politics. On her 90th birthday on June 12, 2012, she acquired the title of “Dama di Gran Croce”, the highest honor of the Italian Republic.
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